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    The table includes the daily values of Precipitation,Temperature Max and Min,Radiation, Wind speed.

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    The stover biomass for maize across the Ethiopia has been estimated using crop model LINTUL5 embedded into the modeling framework SIMPLACE (Scientific Impact Assessment and Modelling Platform for Advanced Crop and Ecosystem Management. The stover biomass gap of a crop grown in a certain location and cropping system is defined as the difference between the stover biomass under optimum management and the average stover biomass achieved by farmers. Stover biomass under optimum management is labeled as potential biomass (Bp) under irrigated conditions or water-limited potential biomass (Bw) under rain-fed conditions.Bp is location specific because of the climate, and not dependent on soil properties assuming that the required water and nutrients are non-limiting and can be added through management. Thus, in areas without major soil constraints, Bp is the most relevant benchmark for irrigated systems. Whereas, for rain-fed crops, Bw, equivalent to water-limited potential biomass, is the most relevant benchmark. Both Bp and Bw are calculated for optimum planting dates, planting density and region-specific crop variety which is critical in determining the feasible growth duration, particularly in tropical climatic conditions where two or even three crops are produced each year on the same field.

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    The table includes annual data of yield and production of cereals and pulses at National and Regional (Amhara and Oromia) level.

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    The yield gap for maize in two regions (Ashanti Region and Brong-Ahafo region) in Ghana has been estimated using crop model LINTUL5 embedded into the modeling framework SIMPLACE (Scientific Impact Assessment and Modelling Platform for Advanced Crop and Ecosystem Management. The yield gap of a crop grown in a certain location and cropping system is defined as the difference between the yield and biomass under optimum management and the average yield achieved by farmers. Yield under optimum management is labeled as potential yield (Yp) under irrigated conditions or water-limited potential yield (Yw) under rain-fed conditions.Yp is location specific because of the climate, and not dependent on soil properties assuming that the required water and nutrients are non-limiting and can be added through management. Thus, in areas without major soil constraints, Yp is the most relevant benchmark for irrigated systems. Whereas, for rain-fed crops, Yw, equivalent to water-limited potential yield, is the most relevant benchmark. Both Yp and Yw are calculated for optimum planting dates, planting density and region-specific crop variety which is critical in determining the feasible growth duration, particularly in tropical climatic conditions where two or even three crops are produced each year on the same field.

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    The yield gap for maize across the Ethiopia has been estimated using crop model LINTUL5 embedded into the modeling framework SIMPLACE (Scientific Impact Assessment and Modelling Platform for Advanced Crop and Ecosystem Management. The yield gap of a crop grown in a certain location and cropping system is defined as the difference between the yield and biomass under optimum management and the average yield achieved by farmers. Yield under optimum management is labeled as potential yield (Yp) under irrigated conditions or water-limited potential yield (Yw) under rain-fed conditions.Yp is location specific because of the climate, and not dependent on soil properties assuming that the required water and nutrients are non-limiting and can be added through management. Thus, in areas without major soil constraints, Yp is the most relevant benchmark for irrigated systems. Whereas, for rain-fed crops, Yw, equivalent to water-limited potential yield, is the most relevant benchmark. Both Yp and Yw are calculated for optimum planting dates, planting density and region-specific crop variety which is critical in determining the feasible growth duration, particularly in tropical climatic conditions where two or even three crops are produced each year on the same field.

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    The table includes the daily values of Temperature (min. & max.), Rain, Sunshine hours, Relative humidity.

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    The table includes the daily values of Temperature, Rain, Sunshine, Wind speed, Relative humidity.

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    The table includes soil properties in Ghana (Kumasi, Ejura, Dorma Ahenko, Techiman). Temporal coverage approximate 1950-2005. Spatial resolution 1km.

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    The table includes soil properties in Nigeria Temporal coverage approximate 1950-2005. Spatial resolution 1km.

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    The table includes sowing, harvesting dates, sowing/planting rates of Maize and Cassava in different Agro-ecological zones in Nigeria.