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    Degree of socio-economic marginality in Ethiopia, using the following conditional indicators of the economic sector: 1. Regional poverty headcount indices (% of population whose income/consumption is below the poverty line = 3781 birr) 2. Food poverty headcount indices (% of population whose income/consumption for food is below the cost of 2.200 kcal/day per adult food consumption) 3. Wealth index (% of population being part of the lowest/2.lowest wealth quintile) Data source: 1.+ 2. Ministry of Finance and Economy Development (2012): Ethiopia‘s Progress Towards Eradicating Poverty: An Interim Report on Poverty Analysis Study (2010/11). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 3. Central Statistical Agency(CSA), ICF International (2012): Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Calverton, USA

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    Degree of socio-economic marginality in Ethiopia, using the following economic, health and educational positional indicators: 1. Economy 1.1 Access to markets (travel time to next city > 50.000 capitals) 1.2 Transportation infrastructure (average all-weather road density m/km2) 1.3 Information infrastructure (% of households without telephone) 2. Health: 2.1 Access to education (no. of primary schools related to population density) 2.2 Access to information (% of households without radio) 2.3 Access to information (% of households without television) 3. Education: 3.1 Access to education (no. of primary schools related to population density) 3.2 Access to information (% of households without radio) 3.3 Access to information (% of households without television) Data source: 1.1/1.2/1.3/2.2/2.3/3.2/3.3: Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2007): Population and Housing Census. Atlas of Ethiopia 2007. Washington DC, USA 2.1/3.1 Central Statistical Agency (CSA), Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (2006): Atlas of the Ethiopian Rural Economy. Washington DC, USA

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    Degree of socio-economic marginality in Ethiopia, using the following positional indicators of the education sector: 1. Access to education (no. of primary schools related to population density) 2. Access to information (% of households without radio) 3. Access to information (% of households without television) Data source: 1. Central Statistical Agency (CSA), Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) (2006): Atlas of the Ethiopian Rural Economy. Washington DC, USA. 2./3. Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2007): Population and Housing Census. Atlas of Ethiopia 2007. Washington DC, USA

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    Degree of socio-economic marginality in Ethiopia, using the following conditional indicators of the health sector: 1. Illiteracy rate (% of population (>5years) not being able to read and write in their native language) 2. Net not enrolment ratio primary school (total no. of students (age 7-14) being not enroled, expressed as % of total pop. in primary school age) 3. Net not enrolment ratio secondary school (total no. of students (age 15-18) being not enroled, expressed as % of total pop. in secondary school age) Data source: 1. Central Statistical Agency(CSA), ICF International (2012): Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Calverton, USA 2./3. Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2007): Population and Housing Census. Atlas of Ethiopia 2007. Washington DC, USA