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    This data was collected through field surveys conducted in all four provinces of Pakistan (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Punjab and Sindh). Within the KPK province Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) could not be covered because of political insurgency in those areas at the time when survey was conducted. A questionnaire was structured, tested in pilot areas and revised for improvements based on feedback. With a team of 40 students from Balochistan University of Information Technology Engineering and Management Science (BUITEMS), Quetta, a survey was conducted in 43 urban and rural settings during the months of August to December, 2009. Using multistage stratified random sampling design, 963 heads-of-household were interviewed and data on a total of 2,496 children were collected.

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    The baseline data for the survey comes from the fifth round of the Ethiopian Rural Household Survey (ERHS) conducted in 1999/2000. The baseline survey covers 18 rural villages located in four major regions (Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region). A total of 1,681 households were surveyed, constituting 8,924 individuals, of which 3,183 were 4-14-year-old children. This is a follow-up tracking survey of those children aged 4-14 years old in the 1999/2000 survey after 16 years when they are young adults / youth aged between 20 and 30 years. A total of 789 children were tracked from five of the rural villages, namely Debre Berhan, Dinki, Adele Keke, Adado, and Shumsheha, in order to understand the long-term effects of childhood work on their human capital formation, migration decisions, and earnings in the adult labor markets in Ethiopia. Every attempt was made to track and resurvey migrant resurveying targets to other rural villages, towns and cities and reduce the attrition rate. Accordingly, 652 children were resurveyed for the long-term analysis.