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    This set of interviews is part of the 'Farmer Empowerment' project that focused on the impact of farmer organizations (FOs) on the socio-economic development of their FO-members. The interviews were conducted within a second field research in order to gather information on specific impact pathways of selected FOs that work to empower respective FO-members.

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    This set of interviews is part of the 'Farmer Empowerment' project that focused on the impact of farmer organizations (FOs) on the socio-economic development of their FO-members. The interviews were conducted within a second field research in order to gather information on specific impact pathways of selected FOs that work to empower respective FO-members.

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    This set of interviews is part of the 'Farmer Empowerment' project that focused on the impact of farmer organizations (FOs) on the socio-economic development of their FO-members. The interviews were conducted within a second field research in order to gather information on specific impact pathways of selected FOs that work to empower respective FO-members.

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    The dataset includes 1332 observations on the household level in 3 regions with information from 6607 individuals. Subsets were used for the addressed research questions on agriculture, markets, economic preferences and resulting food and nutrition security. The precise methodology for research and data collection can be found in the doctoral thesis of the author.

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    Restoration of areas affected by gold mining activities in the region of El Bagre, Antioquia has been mostly performed by the Colombian company Mineros S.A. As part of their restoration scheme, the company has been establishing agroforestry parcels since 2000 to reclaim areas affected by waste deposits. The aim is to re-establish native flora and fauna while supporting settlers and their families through the establishment of crops. The company provides the families with basic sanitation facilities and trains them to produce compost and establish nurseries with selected plant species for the reclamation process (Mineros S.A., 2016). Mineros S.A. considers agroforestry and the dual purpose use of crops and livestock as an alternative to protective reforestation plantations. Although this restoration process has been going on since 2000, few properly controlled restoration trials have been conducted and there is still little understanding of what are the intrinsic factors associated to the nature of the deposits that might hinder the reestablishment of the vegetation cover or affect crop productivity. In contrast, farmers and staff from the mining company have conducted many informal trials that have guided their restoration efforts. Therefore, we consider that their experiential knowledge can significantly contribute to understanding the dynamics of this specific restoration process. Local land users hold significant knowledge of soil and environment achieved through experience and testing. This environmental knowledge provides a perspective on land use and management not otherwise available (WinklerPrins and Sandor, 2003).

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    Questionnaire were administered to 4 slum communities in Lagos: Ajegunle (203), Iwaya (75), Itire (54) and Ikorodu (52), to determine the movement pattern of slum dwellers, factors influencing the residential choices and reasons of the people to remain in Lagos slums/squatter communities. The sample unit was a household, and the respondent was generally the household head, or alternatively the oldest family member available older than 18 years. The data was processed using SPSS.

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    This set of interviews is part of the 'Farmer Empowerment' project that focused on the impact of farmer organizations (FOs) on the socio-economic development of their FO-members. The interviews were conducted within a second field research in order to gather information on specific impact pathways of selected FOs that work to empower respective FO-members.

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    One of the traditional livelihood practices of indigenous Tagbanuas in Palawan, Philippines is wild honey gathering from the giant honey bee. In order to analyse the linkages of the social and ecological systems involved in this indigenous practice, we conducted spatial, quantitative, and qualitative analysis on field data gathered through GPS mapping, community surveys, focus group discussions, and key informant interviews. We found that only 24% of the 251 local community members surveyed could correctly identify the giant honey bee. Inferential statistics showed that a lower level of education and higher household vegetation contribute to correct identification of the giant honey bee. Spatial analysis revealed that mean NDVI of sampled nesting tree areas has dropped from 0.61 in the year 1988 to 0.41 in 2015. This reduction on vegetation cover may contribute to reduced bee-human interactions and may also be an indication that commercialising non-timber forest products is not fulfiling its objective of development alongside conservation. Indigenous wild honey hunting and gathering as an ICDP shows the complexity of the social-ecological system of forest communities. It also shows the difficulty of getting a win-win situation out of simultaneous pursuit of forest conservation and rural development. Knowledge shifts can, indeed, occur from the interaction of ecological and social factors and we see that if resource management interventions do not employ a systems approach, it can overlook important feedback. NGO interventions should not only facilitate the learning of visible resource managers like wild honey hunters but of the community as a whole. Further location tags: Aborlan Sagpangan

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    The file consists of country wise database of whole world related to bioeconomy typology indicators collected from different online sources with following headings which are as follows: Importance of bio-based economic sectors in agriculture, Forestry, High-tech bioeconomy and bioenergy, Natural Resources Endownment, Evaluate against indicator of Bioeconomy strategy, value added sector data, Fragile state indexes, Income inequality and gini coeffiecient, social progress index.

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    In Nepal, rice-wheat annual double cropping system, which is the dominant food crop rotation in both the subtropical lowland as well as the temperate Himalayan mid-hills of Nepal. As a result of continuing urbanisation and shifting consumer preferences, a drive to replace of wheat with high-value vegetables during the cold dry season is gaining momentum, in the peri-urban fringes; simultaneously, emerging water shortages are preventing permanent soil flooding during the monsoon season, leading to partial substitution of lowland rice by less water-consuming upland crops. Such system shifts and associated changes in soil aeration status are altering the nutrient availability, while increasing the crop demand for the critically limiting micronutrients boron (B) and zinc (Zn). Therefore, compared the B and Zn levels in the traditional rice- based system (under anaerobic condition), in the water-saving maize-based system (aerobic conditions) with both conventional winter wheat and the emerging vegetables as rotation crops. Under controlled conditions in a dysfunctional greenhouse and under field conditions at two representative production sites and soil types (e.g. Acrisols in Kavre in the mid-hills of Nepal and a Fluvisols in Chitwan in the lowland), determined were(1) differential effects of system shifts on the soil supply and crop demand of B and Zn (diagnosis trials), (2) the effects of applying mineral B and Zn fertilizers on yields and economic returns of wheat vs. cauliflower and tomato (response trials), and (3) longer-term carry-over effects of a one-time application of soil B and Zn on biomass accumulation and nutrient uptake by maize (residual effect trials). Plant and soil nutrient was analyzed by Stata version 14.2.