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    In our research we assess the sustainability performance of 400 smallholder farms practicing organic (i.e. certified or non-certified) and non-organic agriculture (i.e. conventional or other) using the Sustainability Monitoring and Assessment RouTine (SMART)-Farm Tool and examine differences between these farm categories using multivariate analyses. We also identify general gaps in sustainability performance for all farms.

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    In our research we assess the sustainability performance of 400 smallholder farms practicing organic (i.e. certified or non-certified) and non-organic agriculture (i.e. conventional or other) using the Sustainability Monitoring and Assessment RouTine (SMART)-Farm Tool and examine differences between these farm categories using multivariate analyses. We also identify general gaps in sustainability performance for all farms. Murang'a County, Kajiado County.

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    This is a theoretical study which compares the cost-effectiveness of storage and trade-related policies to stabilize food prices in a two-country setting. The raw data is generated based on stochastical simulations with Matlab Scripts. This data is then analyzed to assess how policies impact the distribution of prices in the two countries. Policies are storage and trade related. The Download is a ZIP-File containing many Matlab files (.m). For each scenario in the paper/dissertation, there are two Matlab files. The "_specs" file defines the specifications for the simulation (country size, ...), and the "_analysis" file is for the mathematical implementation (setting up the model, solving it, running the simulations). The different scenarios include (for details see the linked doctoral thesis by Jan Brockhaus which provides more background information) - "asymshocks": Asymmetric shocks between the two countries - "defaultvalues": The different distinct and discrete scenarios described in the paper - "privstorsubsidies": The continuous private storage subsidy - "reservevariation": The simulations for the reserves with different parameters (reserve capacity and trigger price are varied) All other files are required in the same folder for the calculations to run as these files are references in the ones mentioned above. Furthermore, the RECS toolbox (http://www.recs-solver.org/) and the CompEcon Toolbox (http://www4.ncsu.edu/~pfackler/compecon/download.html) must be installed first before running any of the codes.

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    This set of interviews is part of the 'Farmer Empowerment' project that focused on the impact of farmer organizations (FO) on the socio-economic development of their FO-member. The interviews were conducted within a first field research in order to gather information on institutional settings of FOs and to identify empowering approaches and empowering areas of Farmer Organizations.

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    Global agricultural supply and demand estimates from the FAO, USDA, and IGC are compared to analyze data quality, documentation, and differences in the sources as well as the underlying reasons for these differences. All data is collected via AMIS (www.amis-outlook.org). The data originates from the AMIS Market Monitors No. 2 to 29.

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    This set of interviews is part of the 'Farmer Empowerment' project that focused on the impact of farmer organizations (FO) on the socio-economic development of their FO-member. The interviews were conducted within a first field research in order to gather information on institutional settings of FOs and to identify empowering approaches and empowering areas of Farmer Organizations.

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    The vegetation survey was performed in 21 circular plots of 10-m radius (250 m2) distributed as follows: 2 plots located in the area undergoing revegetation since 2014, 2 plots on the area undergoing revegetation since 2010, 6 plots on the area undergoing revegetation since 2006, and 11 plots on the area undergoing revegetation since 2002. Trees with diameter at breast height in the range of 2.5 – 10 cm were measured within the plots. In total, 717 trees were selected for measurement of diameter at breast height, wood density, total height and species identification. The coordinates of the center of each plot were recorded using a portable GPS (Garmin eTrex 10, Germany). The angle and distance of each tree from the center of the plot were measured, and its coordinates estimated. Stem diameters of all trees within the plot were measured using a calliper. Tree height was measured using a Vertex IV (Haglöf, Sweden). Crown diameter was measured in north-south and east-west directions. For species identification, a preliminary analysis of the flora of the area was performed following the guidelines developed by Idárraga-Piedrahita et al. (2011), Cardona et al. (2010) and Cardona et al. (2011). For the identification of the trees, leaf samples were collected from all individuals. The samples were preserved in alcohol for transportation to the laboratory, and subsequently dried and visually matched with species of the herbarium of the National University of Colombia. Some species could only be classified by genus because their reproductive morphology could not be determined, which is specifically relevant for the identification of Vismia sp. (Hypericaceae), Casearia sp. (Salicaceae), Cordia sp. (Boraginaceae) and Licania sp. (Chrysobalanaceae). Due to the complexity of their morphological and reproductive characteristics, genera Inga sp. (Fabaceae), Citrus sp. (Rutaceae), Ficus sp. (Moraceae) and Piper sp. (Piperaceae) were not classified at the species level. Herbaceous aboveground biomass growing spontaneously within the area and that was located outside of areas with forest cover was harvested at ground level in 120 plots (4 m2 each) with 30 plots per area undergoing restoration since 2014, 2010, 2006 and 2002. The total fresh weight of the biomass was determined in the field, and a subsample of 500 g was oven-dried for 24 – 48 hours for determination of dry weight.

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    Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism measures perceptions of the likelihood of political instability and/or politically motivated violence, including terrorism. This table lists the individual variables from each data source used to construct this measure in the Worldwide Governance Indicators

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    Voice and accountability captures perceptions of the extent to which a country's citizens are able to participate in selecting their government, as well as freedom of expression, freedom of association, and a free media. This table lists the individual variables from each data source used to construct this measure in the Worldwide Governance Indicators

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    Regulatory quality captures perceptions of the ability of the government to formulate and implement sound policies and regulations that permit and promote private sector development. This table lists the individual variables from each data source used to construct this measure in the Worldwide Governance Indicators